Renewable energy

Implementation indicators

  • National Renewable Energy Action Plan

    National Renewable Energy Action Plan (NREAP)

    Serbia submitted its NREAP as well as all three Progress Reports on implementation of the Renewables Directive to the Secretariat by the required deadlines. With 20,32% of renewables in its energy mix, Serbia is far from its indicative trajectory of 24,3% in 2018.

  • Quality of the support schemes

    Quality of the support schemes

    At the moment, the only existing support mechanism for renewable energy consists of administratively set feed-in tariffs (FiT). With that mechanism, Serbia so far supported the construction of 511 MW of various renewable energy capacities, while an additional 300 MW is in the pipeline. A market-based support scheme is still not applied.

  • Integration to the grids

    Integration to the grids

     According to the Energy Law, priority dispatch of the electricity produced from renewable energy sources takes place. All producers under the FiT are exempted from balancing responsibility, which is not in line with the State Aid Guidelines. The rules and procedures for connection of renewable energy producers need to be improved. The legal and regulatory framework for self-consumption is missing.

  • Administrative procedures and guarantees of origin

    Administrative procedures and guarantees of origin

    Serbia had several simplification rounds for administrative procedures including a few updates of the investors’ guide for renewable energy projects. However, licensing remains lengthy and a single administrative body is not established. Serbia designated a competent body, which established an electronic system for issuing, transfer and cancellation of guarantees of origin.

  • Renewable energy in transport

    Renewable energy in transport

    In December 2019, Serbia adopted the necessary secondary legislation on criteria for biofuels and bioliquids. The share of renewable energy sources in transport remains low (1,16% in 2018 while the target for 2020 is 10%).

State of compliance

With adoption of additional secondary legislation, Serbia advanced significantly in the transposition of the renewables acquis, while also increasing renewable energy capacities.

In December 2019, Serbia adopted three by-laws on biofuels, which defined the share of biofuels on the market, the sustainability criteria and other requirements. An assessment of its national biofuel production potential taking into account the sustainability criteria is currently performed, with a view to introducing a national verification scheme.

In March 2020, the Rulebook on the calculation of the share of renewable energy sources in gross final energy consumption was adopted.

In September 2019, the designated body Elektromreža Srbije (EMS) became a full member of the Association of Issuing Bodies (AIB). However, it has not yet been added to the hub to enable exchange of the guarantees of origin with other members of the AIB. In the period November 2019 - October 2020, Serbia issued 147.580 and canceled 147.660 guarantees of origin, publishing all transactions electronically on the dedicated webpage.

Serbia is yet to transition from administratively set feed-in tariffs, for which quotas have been fulfilled, to a market-based support scheme. A project on the possible models for new support schemes was recently initiated by the Ministry and is planned to be completed in 2021. Having in mind that Serbia is the only Contracting Party of the Energy Community with a functional day-ahead market, this could allow for an efficient implementation of a market-based support scheme and assure transparent pricing.

Adoption of the necessary legal and regulatory framework to implement renewables auctions in line with the State Aid Guidelines and the development of renewable self-consumption should be priorities for Serbia during the next reporting period. Moreover, administrative procedures for integration of renewables into the network should be streamlined and simplified by the establishment of a one-stop shop.