Oil

Implementation indicators

  • Stockholding obligation

    Stockholding obligation

    The entry into force of the Law on Compulsory Oil Reserves is pending since 2015. In practice, oil stocks corresponded to 80 days of average daily consumption in September 2020, an increase from September 2019 when stocks stood at 74 days.

  • Emergency procedures

    Emergency procedures

    The Law on Compulsory Oil Reserves foresees that the Government will adopt a decision on releasing compulsory reserves into circulation in the case of an oil supply emergency. The Intervention Plan was prepared but is not yet approved by the Government.

  • Fuel specifications of petrol, diesel and gas oil for NRMM

    Fuel specifications of petrol, diesel and gas oil for non-road mobile machinery (NRMM)

    North Macedonia transposed the main provisions of the Fuel Quality Directive in 2007. The environmental specifications of petrol and diesel are in conformity with European standards but not for gas oil for NRMM.

  • Monitoring compliance and reporting

    Monitoring compliance and reporting including the lay down the rules on penalties

    The quality of the oil fuels placed on the market is monitored by the supplier pursuant to the annual plan for monitoring of the quality of liquid fuels, prepared and implemented by the Ministry in charge of energy. Penalty provisions for non-compliance with fuel quality standards are stipulated in the Law on Product Safety.

State of compliance

The new Law on Compulsory Oil Reserves, adopted in October 2014, was supposed to be effective as of 1 January 2015. However, its application was postponed by Parliament several times. According to the latest amendment, the Law is envisaged to enter into force by 1 January 2021.

There was slight progress in oil stockpiling during the reporting period but not on the approval of secondary legislation, which is now expected by the end of 2020. The oil stocks corresponding to the average daily consumption increased by six days compared to the last reporting period. North Macedonia’s legal framework conforms to the Fuel Quality Directive to a large extent.

In accordance with the current Law on Energy, the Government of North Macedonia should adopt a new Rulebook on the Quality of Liquid Fuels within 18 months from the date of entry into force of the Energy Law, which was adopted in 2018. The Rulebook’s adoption is pending.