Energy efficiency

Implementation indicators

  • Energy efficiency targets and policy measures

    Energy efficiency targets and policy measures

    In February 2020, the Parliament adopted a comprehensive Law on Energy Efficiency, transposing, inter alia, the Energy Efficiency Directive and setting the specific targets required under Article 5 and 7 of the Directive. The 2020 target was set in the third Annual Progress Report. By-laws on the obligation scheme, buildings renovation strategy, energy audits and energy service contracts are being drafted.

  • Energy efficiency in buildings

    Energy efficiency in buildings

    The Energy Efficiency Law transposed the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive. Nevertheless, implementation is still lagging behind as key by-laws are either missing or are not updated. At the cut-off date of this report, North Macedonia was preparing rulebooks on energy performance of buildings, energy audit of buildings and an energy performance certificates verification system, in order to fully implement the Directive.

  • Energy efficiency financing

    Energy efficiency financing

    Before the Energy Efficiency Law was adopted, the energy services market was very incipient. In August 2020, the first five municipalities implemented energy savings performance contracts on street lighting. No energy efficiency fund exists yet, but it is planned with World Bank support.

  • Energy efficient products - labelling

    Energy efficient products - labelling

    Via the 2020 Energy Efficiency Law, the country transposed the 2018 Ministerial Council Decision on Regulation (EU) 2017/1369 on energy labelling repealing Directive 2010/30/EU and the Eco-Design Directive but not the five energy-related product regulations.

  • Efficiency in heating and cooling

    Efficiency in heating and cooling

    The share of district heating in total heat supply in 2018 was 10% and entirely produced by gas, of which 56% in co-generation units. 32% of heating and cooling is generated from renewables, but efficiency is low as the majority of biomass-based boilers and stoves use old technologies. The country has not yet prepared the assessment of its high efficiency cogeneration and efficient district heating potential required by the Energy Efficiency Directive.

State of compliance

In this reporting period, North Macedonia has made significant progress with the adoption of the new Energy Efficiency Law that transposed the Energy Efficiency Directive, the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive and the Regulation on Labelling of Energy-related Products. This replaced the outdated 2015 legal provisions of the Energy Law that were not compliant with either the Energy Efficiency or the Energy Performance of Buildings Directives. The lack of institutional capacity in the Ministry of Economy remains acute (not a single energy efficiency expert in the staff), but many donors are supporting the preparation of legal and regulatory acts. The preparation and implementation of the subsequent secondary legislation remains a big challenge despite the technical assistance available.