Climate

Implementation indicators

  • National greenhouse gas emissions monitoring and reporting systems

    National greenhouse gas emissions monitoring and reporting systems

    Work on drafting a law on climate action has started during this reporting period. The law will set legal obligations for the preparation of a long-term strategy on climate action and the required institutionalisation of the national GHG emissions inventory system. Its adoption was envisaged for the end of 2020, but it is still pending.

  • National Energy and Climate Plans (NECPs)

    National Energy and Climate Plans (NECPs)

    North Macedonia was the first Contracting Party to submit its draft NECP with all the required chapters for review. After the formal review of the draft by the Secretariat, the final NECP is expected to be adopted in Q1 2021.

State of compliance

North Macedonia’s National Determined Contribution (NDC) under the Paris Agreement envisages a 30% reduction of CO2 emissions from fossil fuels by 2030 with existing policies and measures and up to a 36% reduction applying additional measures, both compared to the business-as-usual scenario. The fourth National Communication and third Biannual Update Report to the UNFCCC, covering emissions up to 2016, are under finalization. Based on the analysis from the update, the revision of the NDC has started.

North Macedonia’s greenhouse gas (GHG) inventory requires institutionalisation, meaning that the competences and responsibilities of the relevant institutions need to be more clearly defined. A national inventory of anthropogenic GHG emissions by sources and sinks is mentioned in the 2005 Law on Environment. The adoption of a separate law on climate action is expected to fill the compliance gaps. Assigning the responsibility of GHG emissions data verification to the National Academy of Sciences and Arts (MANU) is a positive step.

Although there is no a specific reference to low-carbon strategies, the Law on Environment provides the legal basis for the preparation of the National Plan on Climate Change to be adopted by the Government. Work on a long-term strategy on climate action started in March 2019 and is envisaged to end in 2020. In view of the extensive use of fossil fuels and particularly the dominant share of domestic lignite for electricity production, there is significant potential in the country for policies and measures that lead to GHG emissions reduction.

There is currently no national legal basis for the National Energy and Climate Plan (NECP). However, this gap will be covered by an amendment to the Energy Law, which is currently in public consultation and expected to be adopted in 2020. Nonetheless, the national working groups have been established and were active throughout 2020. For the preparation of the analytical basis of the Macedonian NECP, the Government draws on the expertise of the MANU. For the reference and policy scenarios, MANU built on its previous modelling work for the Macedonian Energy Strategy 2040 and second Biannual Update Report. NECP scenarios were finalized in July 2020. Following close cooperation with the Secretariat throughout the process, North Macedonia was the first Contracting Party to submit its draft NECP to the Secretariat for review in July 2020. After the formal review of the draft, the final NECP will be adopted in Q1 2021.