Gas

Implementation indicators

  • Unbundling

    Unbundling

    Ownership unbundling is the only applicable model for the future transmission system operator.

  • Third Party Access

    Third Party Access

    No secondary acts regulating third party access or methodologies or corresponding tariffs exist yet.

  • Wholesale market

    Wholesale market

    Montenegro does not have a gas market, nor market rules, though in theory it would be an open market.

  • Retail market

    Retail market

    No retail market exists in Montenegro.

  • Interconnectivity

    Interconnectivity

    In addition to the Ionian Adriatic Pipeline, Montenegro is considering developing infrastructure to bring limited LNG supplies to the country and start developing its gas market.

State of compliance

Montenegro is one of the few European countries without access to gas. The country has transposed the majority of the Third Energy Package obligations in the gas sector via the 2015 Energy Law and the 2016 Law on Cross-Border Exchange of Electricity and Natural Gas. However, certain provisions are still missing or lack clarity. The new Energy Law creates a tailor made regulatory framework for a liquefied natural gas (LNG) terminal, which is not connected to any gas network. While the Ionian Adriatic Pipeline remains the first option for Montenegro to connect to European gas infrastructure, limited LNG supply would offer the possibility of energy diversification in the short term.

Montenegro was not inactive during the reporting period. The first ever secondary act – general conditions of gas supply - was adopted in January 2020. It is compliant with the Third Energy Package. A number of secondary regulatory acts are quite advanced (a methodology for the regulation of maximum income and prices for the LNG terminal) or under preparation (tariff methodologies for future natural gas network operators).