Energy efficiency

Implementation indicators

  • Energy efficiency targets and policy measures

    Energy efficiency targets and policy measures

    The 2019 - 2021 NEEAP, which includes the overall 2020 target and a 1% annual target for central government buildings, was adopted in 2019. The NEEAP also includes energy efficiency obligation targets, but notification
    on implementation is pending. Expert trainings were organised between December 2019 and July 2020 to support energy management in the public sector as well as monitoring and verification of NEEAP measures.

  • Energy efficiency in buildings

    Energy efficiency in buildings

    A law transposing the Buildings Directive and implementing rulebooks were adopted in 2015. Work on the development of a cost-optimality software and calculations is ongoing. Montenegro continued implementing several successful building rehabilitation programmes, albeit a long-term strategy is still missing.

  • Energy efficiency financing

    Energy efficiency financing

    The Eco Fund is operational. As part of the Covid-19 recovery package, the Government planned to allocate EUR 2 mil.
    for energy efficiency subsidies to the private sector, which should generate EUR 10 mil. in investments. The enabling ESCO legal framework (the Law on Efficient Use of Energy) is enforced via the Public Private Partnership Law adopted in December 2019. The NEEAP envisages measures and financial mechanisms for ESCO projects.

  • Energy efficient products - labelling

    Energy efficient products - labelling

    A package of ten new energy labelling and eco-design rulebooks was adopted between December 2019 and June 2020 and complemented by engagement and capacity building of market surveillance bodies. To be fully compliant, Montenegro is still to adopt three regulations adopted by the Ministerial Council in November 2018.

  • Efficiency in heating and cooling

    Efficiency in heating and cooling

    Montenegro does not have district heating, and the majority of buildings use individual heating systems, supplied by either biomass or electricity. The 2030 Energy Strategy envisages the development of district heating systems on biomass. The Žabljak municipality was selected for a pilot biomass district heating project under EBRD’s programme
    ReDEWeB. The assessment of high-efficiency cogeneration and efficient district heating and cooling potential will be updated, while the amendments to the Energy Law (adopted in July 2020) envisage the adoption of a new action plan to develop these technologies.

State of compliance

Montenegro has achieved a relatively high level of transposition of the energy efficiency acquis and timely adopted the National Energy Efficiency Action Plan (NEEAP) in June 2019. Progress in implementation has also been recorded in the reporting period (energy efficient product policy, financing, capacity building for energy management, work on updated regulation for buildings etc.).

Montenegro should continue with the adoption of the remaining secondary legislation on energy labelling of energy-related products. Notification on implementation of Article 7 (energy efficiency obligation scheme) and an overall annual report on the progress in implementing the Energy Efficiency Directive should be submitted without further delay.

After creation of the Eco Fund, Montenegro has to increase state financing for energy efficiency measures, in cooperation with the Ministry of Economy and local administrations. Finally, Montenegro should continue activities towards putting in place a functional information system for energy efficiency indicators, energy management and monitoring of NEEAP implementation.