Climate

Implementation indicators

  • National greenhouse gas emissions monitoring and reporting systems

    National greenhouse gas emissions monitoring and reporting systems

    The Law on Protection against Negative Impacts of Climate Change represents the basis for the establishment of a National System for Monitoring, Reporting and Verification of Greenhouse Gases, which is yet to be set up. Furthermore, the Law regulates the operation of the Emissions Trading System and the enhancement of issues of the use of ozone-depleting substances and fluorinated gases.

  • National Energy and Climate Plans (NECPs)

    National Energy and Climate Plans (NECPs)

    The drafting of the NECP and underlying analytical work have started, but no chapters have been completed and submitted for review so far.

State of compliance

According to Montenegro’s Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) under the Paris Agreement, it will reduce its emissions by 30% by 2030 compared to 1990. The first draft NDC review has been prepared, which includes additional financial, gender equality and adaptation components. The third National Communication on Climate Change under the UNFCCC was finalized during this reporting period. The Communication updated the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions inventory for the 2016 - 2017 period, in accordance with the new 2006 IPPC methodology, with significantly improved data in the waste and forestry sectors. In October 2019, Montenegro began work on its third Biennial Update Report on Climate Change.

Montenegro has a National Strategy on Climate Change until 2030 in place. However, it has to intensify its work to ensure consistency with the EU 2030 climate and energy policy framework and ensure its integration into all relevant sectoral policies and strategies. In December 2019, Parliament adopted the Law on Protection against Negative Impacts of Climate Change. It sets the basis for the establishment of the National System for Monitoring, Reporting and Verification of GHGs, the obligation to develop a Low-Carbon Development Strategy together with an action plan and the definition of national systems for policies, measures and projections, all of which are required for implementation of the Monitoring Mechanism Regulation. Moreover, the Law constitutes the basis for an emissions trading system. For now, the national GHG inventory systems is still not operational. The Low-Carbon Development Strategy required under the Law will present various GHG emission projections (without and with additional measures).

Montenegro - as the first Contracting Party - has introduced a cap and trade scheme for major CO2 emitters in February 2020. The corresponding Decree specifies the operators participating in emissions trading (namely industrial and energy plants), determines the total amount of emission credits to be auctioned and sets a minimum price of EUR 24 per tonnes of CO2. The funds raised from the scheme will be transferred into the Environmental Protection Fund and used for environmental protection measures, support for renewables and innovation.

The legal basis for the development and adoption of the National Energy and Climate Plan (NECP) was included in the Law on Energy in July 2020. The technical working group in charge has been established and met for the first time in June 2020. Preparation of the analytical basis of the NECP as well as drafting has started with international support, but no chapters have been completed so far. The first draft document is expected to be finished by the end of 2020 and sent to the Secretariat for review.