Georgia does not have emergency oil stocks. The current draft of the Oil Stockholding Act is being consulted with economic operators. The adoption process is expected to start by the end of this year.
Currently, there are no procedures in place to release emergency oil stocks. Under the draft Law, the Minister in charge of oil has the authority to release by decree the stocks in case of a supply disruption.
Fuel specifications of petrol, diesel and gas oil for NRMM
Fuel specifications of petrol, diesel and gas oil for non-road mobile machinery (NRMM)
From 2017, the allowed sulphur content in petrol has been reduced to maximum 10 ppm. As to the sulphur content in diesel fuel, it lags behind the Directive‘s standards. Instead, it was set at 50 ppm in 2019. However, it will be decreased to 10 ppm from 1 January 2021. There are no specifications relating to gas oil used for NRMM.
Monitoring compliance and reporting
Monitoring compliance and reporting including the lay down the rules on penalties
A national fuel quality monitoring system that includes sampling and analyses of fuels is not established. Detailed penalty measures are specified in the Administrative Offenses Code of Georgia.
State of compliance
Georgia still does not have emergency oil stocks and showed no progress during the reporting period. The current draft Oil Stockholding Act is being consulted with economic operators (importers and owners of tanks). Several issues (e.g. the lack of storage facilities, the impact of the oil stocks obligations on small importers, market competition and retail prices) remain to be resolved prior to the adoption of the legislation, expected to commence by the end of this year.
The quality of fuel is regulated by the 2014 Decree of the Government on the qualitative norms of motor petrol and the 2005 Decree on diesel fuel composition norms, analysis methods and their introduction. The Decrees should be amended in order to reflect the current EU standards for petrol, diesel and gas oil for non-road mobile machinery (NRMM).