Environmental Impact Assessment Directive
Environmental Impact Assessment / Strategic Environmental Assessment Directive
The Environmental Assessment Code and related secondary legislation transpose the directives on environmental assessments into national law. The competent authorities should ensure the implementation of the Directive with the support of the recently published Policy Guidelines 02/2020-ECS on the development of small hydropower projects.
Sulphur in Fuels Directive
Sulphur in Fuels Directive
The rules on land-based fuels are in force since 2017 and are compliant with the Directive’s provisions. Rules on sampling and analysis and on marine fuels are not yet adopted. Georgia’s Accession Protocol to the Energy Community Treaty requires that the provisions of the Directive are fully implemented by 1 September 2021.
Large Combustion Plants Directive
Large Combustion Plants / Industrial Emissions Directive
Georgia has not yet transposed the provisions of either Directives related to the abatement of emissions from large combustion plants. Provisions on the limits and the reporting of emissions into air from stationary sources exist but are not yet compliant.
The deadline in the Accession Protocol of Georgia to transpose Article 4(2) of themWild Birds Directive expired on 1 September 2019. Georgia should focus its efforts on the adoption of the draft Law on Biodiversity and the continuation of designating special protective areas.
State of compliance
Georgia’s Environmental Assessment Code is in force since January 2018. It complies with the provisions of the Directives on environmental impact assessments and strategic environmental assessments. Secondary legislation related to the implementation of the Environmental Assessment Code were also adopted. The Ministry of Environmental Protection and Agriculture acts as competent authority for both types of environmental assessments, including transboundary ones. Draft amendments to the Environmental Assessment Code, aimed at improving procedural issues, were prepared during the latest reporting period. However, their adoption was postponed due to the Covid-19 situation. During the reporting period, a total of 41 network energy-related environmental impact assessments were carried out, out of which 19 received development consent, including two small hydropower projects.
The requirements and thresholds of the Sulphur in Fuels Directive for heavy fuel oil and gas oil have been transposed by the Government Order on the establishment of sulphur content limit values into national law. Amendments on sampling and analysis and marine fuels are planned for the first half of 2021.
With regard to large combustion plants, Georgia has four gas-fired installations falling under the scope of the Directive, the emissions of which are in line with the Directive. Georgia complied with its reporting obligations under the Large Combustion Plants Directive in April 2020 by submitting its emissions data to the European Environment Agency for the reporting year 2019. The adoption of the draft Law on Industrial Emissions and a by-law on special provisions for combustion plants was postponed to 2021 due to the Covid-19 situation. The drafts were developed in line with the provisions of the Industrial Emissions Directive.
With regard to nature protection, the draft Law on Biodiversity is in its final development stage, with the provisions related to the protection and preservation of wild birds being one of the most essential elements of the draft. The draft law initiates a new approach of “protected and strictly protected species”, meaning that two different lists of species will be adopted, based on the Birds and the Habitats Directives. The submission of the draft law to the Government is planned by the end of 2020. Furthermore, Special Protection Areas for Birds (SPAs) are established. At this stage, there are a total of 24 SPA sites in Georgia. The database of SPA sites, together with an interactive map, is publicly available and actively used in environmental impact assessments.