Renewable energy

Implementation indicators

 

 

  • National Renewable Energy Action Plan

    National Renewable Energy Action Plan

    Bosnia and Herzegovina submitted its NREAP and the first and third Progress Reports on implementation of the Renewables Directive to the Secretariat. The country has registered a 35,97% renewables share, however, this is
    below the 2018 trajectory of 38,4%.

  • Quality of the support schemes

    Quality of the support schemes

    The support scheme is based on administratively set feed-in tariffs in both entities and fixed feed-in premiums in Republika Srpska only. Bosnia and Herzegovina has conducted an analysis to move towards a market-based
    scheme, however, it is yet to be adopted and implemented.

  • Integration to the grids

    Integration to the grids

    Connection to the transmission system is regulated by the state regulator, which stipulates that renewable electricity producers connected to the grid pay 50% of the fixed part of the connection costs. On the distribution level, priority dispatch and connection are provided. Renewable power producers who are in the incentive system have a guaranteed offtaker and are released from balancing responsibility, which is not in line with the State Aid Guidelines.

  • Administrative procedures and guarantees of origin

    Administrative procedures and guarantees of origin

    In order to simplify complex administrative procedures, the recommendations of a 2018 analysis on removing existing obstacles to investment in the energy sector are being implemented. There is no single administrative body. An electronic system for issuing, transfer and cancellation of guarantees of origin is not in place.

  • Renewable energy in transport

    Renewable energy in transport

    Provisions related to the sustainability of biofuels are still not transposed and the legal framework remains completely non-compliant with Directive 2009/28/EC. The share of renewables in transport is only at 0,44% compared to the objective of 10% in 2020.

State of compliance

There were slight improvements in the renewable energy sector in Bosnia and Herzegovina during the reporting period.
In September 2020, upon the proposal of the independent system operator (NOS BiH), the State Electricity Regulatory Commission of Bosnia and Herzegovina (SERC) increased the permitted capacity of wind power plants which may be connected to the transmission network (from 460 MW to 840 MW) and solar power plants (from 400 MW to 825 MW).

Priority or guaranteed access to the grid for renewable energy producers remains unsecured. In May 2020, Bosnia and Herzegovina sent to the Secretariat a proposal for a market-based support scheme mechanism and all accompanying legal acts prepared by relevant stakeholders. The Secretariat assessed it as generally in line with acquis. Unfortunately, it has not been adopted yet.

In June, the Parliament of Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina adopted a Declaration on the Protection of Rivers and conclusions calling for a prohibition of the construction of small hydro power plants on the territory of Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The Federation government was supposed to within three months review related legislation and propose necessary changes in order for the conclusions to be implemented in practice.

The regulator in Republika Srpska and operator for renewables in Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the bodies designated by law to establish systems of guarantees of origin, have adopted the necessary secondary acts. in 2013 and 2015 respectively. However, an electronic system compatible with the European Energy Certificate System has not been implemented.

Bosnia and Herzegovina should transition towards a market-based renewables support scheme. The transposition of provisions on the sustainability of biofuels and the establishment of the electronic system for guarantees of origin should also be prioritized.