Climate

Implementation indicators

  • National greenhouse gas emissions monitoring and reporting systems

    National greenhouse gas emissions monitoring and reporting systems

    Bosnia and Herzegovina still needs to define the system for GHG emission data collection and processing, quality assurance and control of input data, a reporting and monitoring system and the national legislation defining
    systems for policies, measures and projection.

  • National Energy and Climate Plans (NECPs)

    National Energy and Climate Plans (NECPs)

    Drafting of the NECP of Bosnia and Herzegovina is ongoing. No draft has been submitted to the Secretariat for comments by the cut-off date of this report.

State of compliance

In its Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) under the Paris Agreement, Bosnia and Herzegovina aims to achieve emission reductions of 2% by 2030, compared to the business-as-usual scenario. This would mean 18% higher emissions compared to 1990. The NDC is currently being updated. Work on the Fourth National Communication and the third Biennial Update Report to the UNFCCC has been ongoing since 2018.

Rules on the development of GHG emission inventories are primarily stipulated by the air protection laws of the two entities. They are not yet in line with the requirements of Monitoring Mechanism Regulation (EU) 525/2013. The country should strengthen institutional capacities and formally define competences and responsibilities in this area. This includes the establishment of a GHG inventory system at national level. As a base for a future Long Term Strategy, the first draft strategy and roadmap with an action plan for the period 2020 - 2030 was developed in 2020. The adoption of the strategy is envisaged only by April 2022.

Bosnia and Herzegovina has launched a national working group for developing the National Energy and Climate Plan (NECP). Most of the relevant institutional representatives have been nominated for all five thematic working groups. The legal basis needed for the NECP and entity energy and climate plans adoption is supposed to be defined by the two energy ministries of the entities and at state level. In parallel with the NECP, entity energy and climate plans will be developed. It is strongly recommended that the processes for the development of entity and integrated NECPs are streamlined. For the preparation of the analytical basis of the NECP, the Government of Bosnia and Herzegovina relies on international donors and external experts. While drafting has started, the Secretariat has not yet received the draft NECP.